In our analytics-driven society, we leverage observations made by satellites in space of natural and man-made activities to predict events, set market
prices and develop strategies that affect us all.

With the commercialization of space, we are finally able to move away from the exclusivity of high cost satellites that provide a limited amount of information down to us on earth. Instead, we are now increasingly relying on large constellations of small satellites. A Constellation not only provides better coverage of the Earth at a fraction of the cost, but it also provides redundancy if a satellite ever fails.

These small satellites capture massive amounts of information that gets sent back down to Earth, for humans to run analytics. Ground Stations are able to capture the data, however only at specific intervals as download links are often very slow, contrary to the small satellites, which are spinning around the earth at extreme rapid speeds. Meaning, the window to collect data and information is extremely time sensitive, causing room for error as satellites currently take many passes to collect just a little bit of information captured.

From there, the data must be collected from all the ground stations spread throughout the world before it can be processed and analyzed.

MODERN HARDWARE LIMITATIONS

Approximately 65% of the satellite market is considered “small satellites”. These satellites reside in lower Earth orbit and remain active for 1.5 years

on average, before falling back to Earth. During their lifespan, they collect large amounts of data that is sent back to Earth for further processing.

Since 2010, the cost to launch a small satellite has gone down by 45%. This has led to an increase in launches. Currently, companies are planning constellations of 1,000 satellites – each! With a greater number of satellites in space, more data will be collected and processed. Due to this modern day commercialization of space, The need for ground stations increases, as does the need to quickly process large amounts of data.

The development of high-performance, energy-efficient solutions for modern applications such as machine learning and classification is challenged by the limitations of the available hardware. Existing solutions are custom built and come with high-risks and high-costs. As a result, current solutions are not well-suited for treating information when collected. Meaning, any analysis required is delayed, resulting in higher expenses. Here at Lucid Circuit, we are determined to address these modern day issues and take on a new and cutting edge type of processing architecture and approach to data processing.

Astrum™ provides Direct-to-user Analytics straight from the small satellite. Astrum™ leverages technologies that make it Space Robust and Low Power for small satellites.

With Astrum™ equipped small satellites, ground stations will only need to download a much smaller payload of the analytics – so a single pass over a single ground station would suffice.

Not only will this stave off the need for huge networks of ground stations, but it also means that analytics can become available in real time to an analyst anywhere in the world. This capability will become crucial for strategists who deal with emergencies and need to save lives.

REAL-TIME ANALYTICS

Astrum™ provides real-time processed data enabling strategists and those working in the field to utilize actionable insights derived from geospatial data. Current solutions require data to be sent to a number of ground stations and processed over time. This typically takes hours or even days and presents challenges for defense and public health when seconds matter. With Astrum™, satellites can complete the processing prior to sending it back to Earth within seconds. Lucid Circuit is designing a microchip for small satellites that will address this problem by delivering real-time analytics to strategists who need to save lives.

ONBOARD MACHINE LEARNING

Astrum™ processors leverage an adaptable low-power, high-performance compute fabric that combines runtime-reconfigurable architectures and support for heterogeneous integration. The analysis capabilities of Astrum™ enables geospatial analytics in real-time, making it possible to process data as it is collected and before it is sent back to Earth.

RESILIENT DATA INTEGRITY

Astrum™ is specifically designed using a patented technology to withstand the harsh conditions of space. This design prevents chip failures and ensures data collection is not disrupted before onboard analytics as well as  data transmission back to Earth. Additionally, Astrum™, supports the highest standards of end-to-end encryption, ensuring that data sent remains private and secure.

INFORMATION TRACEABILITY

The immutable in-silicon digital fingerprinting feature allows each Astrum™ chip to specifically tag each piece of data with a key that is unique to each chip. This makes it possible to trace any recorded data entry all the way back to the specific Astrum™ Processor microchip within the specific piece of equipment and (date) instance (when) it was created.